Sports Psychology especially concerning emotional mental processes of athletes become increasingly decisive contributor in coaching and athlete performance improvement. There are differences in personality characteristics of each sport. This study compared athletes’ personality characteristics in 4(four) martial art athletes in PPLOP of Central Java Province, Indonesia (Taekwondo, PencakSilat, Judo, and Karate). 31 athletes (11 taekwondo, 10 pencaksilat, 5 judo, 5 karate, 18 males, and 13 females) completed the SPQ-20 Sport Personality Questionnaire. This questionnaire is composed of four sub- scales of 20 personality traits. Data were collected by questionnaire and statistical analysis was performed with SPSS software. In order to describe the data, used descriptive for comparing the averages, used the test of MANOVA with post hoc of Games-Howell. The results revealed that karate athletes scored significantly higher on achievement, conscientiousness, visualization, intuition, goal setting, managing pressure, self-efficacy, fear of failure, flow, emotion, self-talk, self-awareness, ethics, empathy, relationship and impression management. Pencaksilat athletes scored significantly higher on adaptability, stress management, power and aggressiveness. Taekwondo has highest average only on competitiveness variable. It can be concluded that athletes’ personality characteristics are different between martial art sports.
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