Keywords: Grand Unification; Field’s Formula; Spinning Magnetic Field (SMF); Spinning Magnetic Force (SMFs); Nuclear Force; Strong Force; The Weak Spinning Magnetic Force (F_W); The Weak Interaction; Neutron Disintegration, Neutron Beta Decays

Article Content:-


A formula, generating the Spinning Magnetic Field (SMF) has been derived, the interaction of two SMF by two protons, using the recently derived unified formula of fields, produced Spinning Magnetic Force (SMFs); while at each step, the mutual electrostatic force by both protons is subtracted from the relevant Spinning Magnetic Force (SMFs), this resulted in the nuclear strong force; this paper is a modified version of previous SMFs, it established and replicated the nuclear force as computed from potential graph; while the Weak Spinning Magnetic Force (FW) which is the reverse of the Spinning Magnetic Force (SMFs), is produced as a result of an internal repulsive force caused by an agitation of two SMF, forming spiral rotation inside neutron leading to an internal instability, ended by the disconnection of both the electron and the proton; the knowledge of this mechanism will help in understanding both phenomena, and the production of the nuclear fusion, that may help to envision other forms of the most needed alternative renewable energy.


References 2018 Gravity, the free encyclopedia., Weak interaction, the free encyclopedia, 2018. 2018 Electromagnetism, the free encyclopedia. 2018, Nuclear force, the free encyclopedia.

Sahoo, S. and Goswami M. 2012 UNIFICATION AFTER 150 YEARS, arXiv: 1210.0154


Kenneth, S. K. 1988 Introductory Nuclear Physics, Wiley & Sons, ISBN 0-471-80553X.

Weinberg, S. 1999A Unified Physics by 2050? Scientific American, pp. 68 – 75. 2018, Fundamental interaction, the free encyclopedia. 2018 Spin_(physics), the free encyclopedia. 2018 Spin_(physics), the free encyclopedia, Nuclear force media File Reid Potential.

Reid, R.V. 1968 Local phenomenological nuclean-nucleon potentials, Annals of Physics 50: 411–448

Beiser, A. 2003 Concepts of Modern Physics Sixth Edition, McGraw-Hill Co., New York.

Yousif, M. E. 2018 The Unified Force of Nature: 1-The Electric & Magnetic Forces, IOSR J. of Appl Phys (IOSR-JAP), e-ISSN: 2278-4861. Volume 10, Issue 5 Ver. I, 57-73, DOI: 10.9790/4861-1005015774.

Assis, A. K. T., Chaib J. P. M. C., Ampère A. M. 2015 Ampère's electrodynamics: analysis of the meaning and evolution of Ampère's force between current elements, together with a complete translation of his masterpiece: Theory of electrodynamics phenomena, uniquely deduced from experience (PDF). Montreal: Apeiron. ISBNs: 978-1-987980-04-2.

Yousif, M. E. 2003a The Magnetic Interaction, Comprehensive Theory Articles, Journal of Theoretics, vol. 5.

Yousif, M. E. 2003b THE SPINNING MAGNETIC FORCE, Comprehensive Theory Articles, Journal of Theoretics, vol. 5.

Yousif, M. E. 2016 The Weak Spinning Magnetic Force (FW) (The Weak Interaction), IOSR J. of Appl Phys (IOSR-JAP) e-ISSN: 2278-4861.Volume 8, Issue 6 Ver. III, 77-88, DOI: 10.9790/4861-0806037788.

Halliday, D. R. Resnick and K. S. Krane 1978 Physics Vol.II, John Wiley & Sons, New York, pp 813.

Parasnis, D. S. 1961 Magnetism From Load Stone To Polar Wendering, Hutchinson & Co. Ltd. London.

Sahoo, S. and M. Goswami 2012 UNIFICATION AFTER 150 YEARS, arXiv:1210.0154 [physics.gen-ph].

Davis, P.C.W. 1979 The Forces of Nature, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp 133.

Griffiths, D, 2008 Introduction to Elementary Particles, WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, ISBN 978-3-527-40601-2.

Bergman, L. D. Notions of a Neutron,

Nico, J. 2006 Neutron Lifetime Measurement, NIST Physics Laboratory Summer School on Fundamental Neutron Physics, University of Tennessee/SNS.

McGraw-Hill 1982 Encyclopaedia of Science and Technology, 5th edition, Vol.14, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York.

Elwell, D. and A.J. Pointon 1978 Physics for Engineers and Scientists, Ellis Horwood Ltd. Chester.

Christman, J. 2001THE WEAK INTERACTION, ID Sheet: MISN-0-281, Project PHYSNET Physics Bldg. Michigan State University East Lansing, MI.

Yousif, M. E. “The Interaction Between Both the Earth’ and Solar’ Magnetic Fields,” Unpublished.


Citation Tools

How to Cite
Yousif, M. E. (2018). The Grand Unification: 2-The Nuclear (FN) and Weak (FW) Forces. RA Journal Of Applied Research, 4(11), 2106-2115.